Have you ever watched 400-101 dumps anime ‘400-101 dumps’?
If you haven’t, it is perfectly fine skipping 400-101 dumps following two paragraphs. If you have, I am going to review some characters and plot in 400-101 dumps anime in 400-101 dumps scope of Buddhism as an opening.
Remember 400-101 dumps rebel force, “Akatsuki”? It consists of eight defectors under 400-101 dumps government of 400-101 dumps figurehead leader Yahiko, aka “Pain Deva Path” who plots against all nations. “Pain(” is actually a battle unit made up of six puppet-like zombies revived and controlled by Nagato, “Pain Outer Path”. “Pain” and its controller carry a lot of Buddhist symbols: its name “Pain” suggests 400-101 dumps first Noble Truth-life is nothing but eternal duhkha; Nagato’s distinguishing feature,his spring of power, “Rinnegan” indicates 400-101 dumps eternal, round-after-round rebirth in 400-101 dumps circle; six puppet-like zombies are named after 400-101 dumps Six Path in 400-101 dumps wheel of Karma. Like o400-101 dumpsr villains in literature, myths, or art, Nagato stereotypically announced that he would destroy 400-101 dumps whole world in order to bring suffering to all 400-101 dumps people and 400-101 dumpsn reshape this world in his will.
Nagato in 400-101 dumps end, however, gave up his world-destroying plan, because our protagonist, 400-101 dumps reclaimed his good soul by arguments about 400-101 dumps nature of love and bond after a prolonged, fierce battle with Pain. This plot can be conceived of, from Buddhist perspective, as 400-101 dumps cessation of duhkha. We are tempted to ask:does love and bond have 400-101 dumps magic of ending suffering? A Buddhist answer would be: of course not; love and bond cannot do that. In 400-101 dumps rest part of this essay, I am to introduce you 400-101 dumps second two Noble Truths-Buddha’s prescription of human predicament,and after reading Buddha’s path toward 400-101 dumps ending of suffering, you will find that 400-101 dumps’s path, love and bond, sides with Confucianism, not Buddhism.
400-101 dumps Third Noble Truth: 400-101 dumps Cessation of Duhkha-Nirvana
In 400-101 dumps first two Noble Truths, Buddha’s diagnosis of human predicament, 400-101 dumps core idea is that humans fail to see 400-101 dumps fleeting nature or impermanence of pleasure (or everything), crave things bringing pleasure, and this failure and craving lead to pervasive duhkha(suffering or unsatisfactoriness). 400-101 dumps third Noble Truth implies that this pervasive duhkha could come to an end, which is Nirva 400-101 dumps Sanskrit word, literally means “blowing out” or “extinguishing”. If craving is our “sin”, 400-101 dumps birthplace of duhkha, 400-101 dumpsn extinguish it-let go, let go all of 400-101 dumps craving. Nirvana is a tricky term which some part of its meaning is still controversial. Vary as 400-101 dumps interpretation of 400-101 dumps term “Nirvana” might, we can still understand its meanings, according to Foundations of Buddhism, in 400-101 dumps following three points of view:
It is 400-101 dumps extinguishing of 400-101 dumps defilements of greed, aversion and delusion. According to Buddhist thought, 400-101 dumps cause of duhkha is“thirst” or “craving”)that is 400-101 dumps result of 400-101 dumps interaction of three fundamental defilements of human mind: greed, aversion, delusion. In this context, Nirvana refers to 400-101 dumps cessation of 400-101 dumpsse three defilements that control human mind.
400-101 Dumps Fourth Noble Truth
It is 400-101 dumps final condition of 400-101 dumps Buddha and arhats after death consequent upon 400-101 dumps extinction of 400-101 dumps defilements. This interpretation is quite common in our daily language.
It is 400-101 dumps “unconditioned realm”known at 400-101 dumps moment of awakening. “Unconditioned realm” involves 400-101 dumps dumps round of rebirth that as mentioned in my previous essays, won’t be discussed 400-101 dumps in detail,but you can consider this term as 400-101 dumps contrast of “impermanence”.
400-101 dumps Fourth Noble Truth: 400-101 dumps Eightfold Path leading to Nirvana
400-101 dumps Fourth Noble Truth tells us 400-101 dumps are practical ways leading to cessation of duhkha, Nirvana.Before heading to its content, three things we should bear in mind in 400-101 dumps first place:
First, 400-101 dumps is no “Omnipotent God” whom we can turn to help. Buddhism is entirely different from Christianity: in Christianity, as a result of 400-101 dumps existence of Almighty God, one could reasonably end his suffering and gain consolations through his faith, whereas in Buddhism, such a God does not exist and one is of his full responsibility of his suffering;
Second,although 400-101 dumps Eightfold Path are stated in an understandable fashion, for over 2000 years, seldom if ever have serious Buddhists of all traditions of Buddhism attained full liberation, or nirvana in all spectrums. You might be tempted to ask: well, if that is 400-101 dumps case, what a religion is that, why bo400-101 dumpsr to practice. Nonetheless, one could still achieve partial liberation: to see 400-101 dumps Four Noble Truths, to harvest true happiness, and to become a better person;Third,one would be caught in 400-101 dumps pitfall of craving, attachment or clinging to Buddha’s ideas 400-101 dumps. This sort of craving can be easily understood and vividly described by 400-101 dumps Chinese phrase. This craving should also be extinguished through 400-101 dumps practice of Eightfold Path.
Let us go to 400-101 dumps content of Eightfold Path.
From 400-101 dumps Coursera Online Course: Buddhism and Modern Psychology
Opposite to 400-101 dumps three defilements, greed, aversion and delusion, 400-101 dumpsy are non-attachment, loving kindness and wisdom. 400-101 dumpsse three help us break out 400-101 dumps cycle of defilements and lead to 400-101 dumps cessation of duhkha.
400-101 dumps Eightfold Path suggests that we start with certain views, ideas, beliefs, and opinions about ourselves, o400-101 dumpsrs, and 400-101 dumps world; depending on 400-101 dumpsse we turn to 400-101 dumps world with various intentions; depending on 400-101 dumpsse we speak, act, and generally make our way in 400-101 dumps world. 400-101 dumps hard-to-interpret part lies in 400-101 dumps last three:400-101 dumps go hand in hand with meditation where Buddhist practice ends. Meditation is going to be discussed 400-101 dumps in 400-101 dumps psychology part of my writings.